Laparoscopic surgery

What is laparoscopic surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, is a surgical technique that involves making small incisions in the abdomen and using a laparoscope to view and perform the surgery. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a camera and a light attached to it that allows the surgeon to see inside the abdomen.

During laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon makes several small incisions in the abdomen, typically less than an inch in length, through which the laparoscope and other surgical instruments are inserted. The surgeon then inflates the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas to create space and better visualization. The laparoscope sends images of the inside of the abdomen to a monitor, allowing the surgeon to see the area being operated on in detail.

Laparoscopic surgery

What are the main types of laparoscopic gynecological surgery?

There are two main types of laparoscopy are diagnostic laparoscopy and operative laparoscopy.


Diagnostic laparoscopy is used to investigate and diagnose many gynecological problems that cannot be detected by other imaging techniques such as X-rays, CT scans or ultrasounds. These conditions include endometriosis, blocked fallopian tubes, reproductive system anatomical abnormalities, fibroids (subserosal and intramural) and pelvic inflammation  During the procedure, a small camera is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen to view the organs and tissues in the abdominal cavity. It is used to investigate and diagnose many




Operative laparoscopy, on the other hand, is a surgical procedure that is performed using a laparoscope to perform various gynecological operations, such as repair or removal of obstructed fallopian tubes, endometriosis treatment with laser, correction of anatomical uterine abnormalities, removal of fibroids & ovarian cysts and laparoscopic hysterectomy. In this type of laparoscopy, specialized instruments are used to perform the surgical procedure through small incisions in the abdomen.

Why might a laproscopy be needed in gynecological surgery?

Laparoscopy is a common technique used in gynecology for both diagnosis and treatment of various conditions. Here are some reasons why laparoscopy may be needed in gynecology:

  1. Endometriosis: Laparoscopy is often used to diagnose and treat endometriosis, a condition in which the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus grows outside of it. Laparoscopy can help identify the extent of endometriosis and allow for the removal of endometrial tissue.
  2. Ovarian cysts: Laparoscopy can be used to remove ovarian cysts, which are fluid-filled sacs that can form on or within the ovaries.
  3. Tubal ligation: Laparoscopic sterilization, also known as tubal ligation, is a permanent form of contraception that involves blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes.
  4. Hysterectomy: Laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves removing the uterus. This procedure can be used to treat a range of gynecological conditions, including fibroids, abnormal uterine bleeding, and cancer.
  5. Pelvic inflammatory disease: Laparoscopy can be used to diagnose and treat pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the female reproductive organs.
  6. Infertility: Laparoscopy can help diagnose the cause of infertility, such as blocked fallopian tubes, and can be used to treat the condition if appropriate.

Overall, laparoscopy is a safe and effective procedure that can provide many benefits to women who need gynecological surgery.

Laparoscopic surgery

What are the advantages of laparoscopic surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery, offers several advantages compared to traditional open surgery, including:

  • Smaller incisions
    Laparoscopic surgery involves making several small incisions, typically less than an inch in length, compared to a single large incision in traditional open surgery. This can result in less pain, bleeding, and scarring.
  • Reduced risk of infection
    With smaller incisions, there is a reduced risk of infection as there is less exposure of the surgical site to external contaminants.
  • Quicker recovery
    Laparoscopic surgery typically involves a shorter hospital stay and a quicker recovery time compared to traditional open surgery. Patients may be able to return to normal activities sooner. The usual length of hospitalization is 24 hours.
  • Less pain
    Laparoscopic surgery can cause less post-operative pain, which means patients may require less pain medication.
  • Improved visualization
    The laparoscope provides high-definition images of the surgical site, allowing for better visualization and precision during surgery.
  • Reduced blood loss
    Laparoscopic surgery involves using specialized instruments that can cauterize blood vessels, resulting in reduced blood loss during surgery.
  • Reduced risk of complications
    Laparoscopic surgery can be a safer option for patients with certain medical conditions or risk factors for complications.
Laparoscopic surgery

Overall, laparoscopic surgery offers several advantages over traditional open surgery and is becoming increasingly common for a wide range of surgical procedures. However, not all procedures can be performed laparoscopically, and the best approach for each patient will depend on their individual needs and circumstances.

Call Now Button